Parts of Speech

Hello, Write Owls. Welcome to Day Four of Grammar 110. Today we’re covering the parts of speech.

There are eight parts of speech: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.

Nouns are people, places, things, ideas, and emotions. Examples: Jess, man, Colorado, notebook, theory, love, and happiness.

Pronouns take the place of a noun. Examples: he, she, they, it, this, that, someone, everyone, nobody, all, each, and neither.

Verbs are actions. Examples: swim, hike, think, calculate, wonder, dream, be, and is.

Adjectives describe nouns, pronouns, and adjectives. Adjectives include articles (a, an, the). Examples: green, four, tall, small, soft, minty, savory, these, and those.

Adverbs describe verbs, adverbs, and adjectives. They tell when or how something happens. Examples: tonight, after, quickly, brightly, lovingly, unwittingly, and well.

Prepositions are part of prepositional phrases (see yesterday’s lesson on sentence parts) that tell where or when something happens. Examples: in, around, over, near, before, and outside.

Conjunctions are words that link things. It is important to note the two different types of conjunctions. Coordinating conjunctions are the FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). Subordinate conjunctions begin subordinate, or dependent, clauses. Examples: because, if, although, despite, until, and when.

Interjections don’t have a function. They’re usually exclamations. Examples: oh, ouch, wow, and hey.

Those are the eight parts of speech. If you have any questions, leave them in the comments down below, and I will answer them as a reply or in my Q&A on Saturday.

For practice, see if you can identify the parts of speech in these sentences. You can leave your answers in the comments, and I’ll check them.

1. The young girl gave a flower to her mother.

2. If the young man did well on his exam, he would get into a good college.

3. Even though they usually do not get along, the three dogs played nicely today.

4. What in the world is she doing on Mount Everest with that trouble-making adventurer?

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