Verb Tenses

Hello, Write Owls. Welcome to Day Seven of Grammar 110. Today we’re covering all of the verb tenses. If you want to know about writing in past tense versus present tense, I have a lesson from a previous camp here.

There are twelve different tenses. Here are examples of each one.

To indicate something is happening right now, use present tense or present progressive tense.

Present Tense: I write novels.

Present Progressive Tense: I am writing novels.

To indicate something happened in the past and is continuing in the present, use present perfect tense or present perfect progressive tense.

Present Perfect Tense: I have written novels.

Present Perfect Progressive Tense: I have been writing novels.

To indicate something happened in the past and it is no longer continuing, use past tense or past progressive tense.

Past Tense: I wrote novels.

Past Progressive Tense: I was writing novels.

To indicate something happened in the past before something else happened in the past, use past perfect tense or past perfect progressive tense.

Past Perfect Tense: I had written a novel by the time I started college.

Past Perfect Progressive Tense: I had been writing my novel for five years before I started college.

To indicate something will happen in the future, use future tense or future progressive tense.

Future Tense: I will write novels.

Future Progressive Tense: I will be writing novels.

To indicate something will happen in the future before another future event, use future perfect tense or future perfect progressive tense.

Future Perfect Tense: I will have written novels for five years by the time I start college.

Future Perfect Progressive Tense: I will have been writing novels for five years by the time I start college.

Those are the twelve tenses. If you have any questions, leave them in the comments down below, and I’ll answer them either as a reply or in my Q&A on Saturday.

For practice see if you can figure out what tense each of these sentences is.

1. I have been interested in archaeology my whole life.

2. I love digging in the dirt and finding artifacts that haven’t been seen in hundreds or thousands of years.

3. I will have worked multiple archaeology jobs before attending graduate school.

4. I had been destroying artifacts’ context before I learned proper excavation methods.

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